Theology

The Atonement-Part 3

Definition The atonement is the cross-work of Christ in which He once for all died (Sacrifice) in our place (Substitution) paying the price for our sin (Redemption) to satisfied God’s holy wrath (Propitiation/Satisfaction) allowing us by faith to be made new creature (Regenerated, imparting eternal life) by being declared righteous (free from all sin past, present, and future) in Christ (Justification) which enables us to have a relationship with God (Reconciliation) leading to a transformed life (Sanctification) empowered by the indwelling Holy Spirit.

Key Facets of the Atonement

Substitution means “in place of” or “in stead of.” God required payment for sin. Christ became the payment of the debt of sin by dying in the place of everyone. (Romans 5:6-8; 1 Peter 3:18; John 1:29; 2 Corinthians 5:14-15, 21; Galatians 3:13; Hebrews 9:28; 1 Peter 2:24)

Redemption means to buy or purchase or pay a price for something. In relation to our salvation, it means to pay the price which our sin demanded so that we could be reconciled. (Galatians 3:13; Romans 5:9) The picture is one of a slave market. Christ removes the sinner from the market, buying us through His death and purchasing life for us. (Ephesians 1:7; Romans 3:24) Redemption means people are redeemed from sin by the blood of Christ to freedom, which should be relinquished in slavery to the Lord.

Reconciliation means a change from a relationship of between hostility to one of harmony. The death of Christ changed humanity’s state of alienation from God to one in which He is now satisfied because of Christ’s death. Hostility is replace with harmony. (2 Corinthians 5:19; Romans 5:10-11; Peace with God–Romans 5:1)

Propitiation means to satisfy the righteous demand of God. God demanded death and Christ satisfied all of His righteous demands by bearing the penalty for sin—death. (Romans 3:25-26; 5:9; Hebrews 9:22; 1 John 2:2)

Author: Steve

Steve Kilgore joined the staff of Calvary Church in Lancaster, PA in the fall of 2002 as the Pastor of Discipleship to facilitate the equipping ministries, which include Adult Bible Fellowship and other adult discipleship ministries, and work with the rest of the education ministries. He currently serves as the Executive Pastor of Ministries with a focus on providing ministries that facility individuals taking intentional Next Steps for growing and participating in the leadership and administrative aspect at Calvary. He has also taught part-time at Lancaster Bible College in the area of Spiritual Formation and New Testament. Prior to coming to Calvary he served in two churches as well as taught part-time at Philadelphia Biblical University. He was born in Dallas, Texas, but spent the first 13 years of his life in Guatemala where his parents were missionaries. It was there at the age of four and a half that Steve placed his faith in Christ as his Savior. Steve received a Bachelor’s degree in Bible from Philadelphia College of Bible and a Masters of Theology from Dallas Theological Seminary. Steve and his wife, Mary Anne, have their two boys, Andrew and Nathan (both in college), and live in East Lampeter Township. Steve lives and ministers by the personal motto, Know what you believe and why, live it, be able to defend it. His hobbies, other than playing with his family, include tinkering with computers, reading, drinking coffee with his wife, playing and watching basketball. Steve and Mary Anne are looking forward to exploring new hobbies as they transition to life as empty-nesters.

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