Musings, Theology

5 Solas–a brief summary

Salvation is based on…

  • the Scripture alone
  • by grace alone
  • through faith alone
  • in Christ alone
  • to the glory of God alone

Or, put another way, the core theology of the Reformation advocated for the…

  • sufficiency of Scripture to lead us to understand the
  • sufficiency of grace for salvation through the
  • sufficiency of faith in the all
  • sufficient Christ
  • resulting in glory to God alone.

Grace alone by faith alone does not mean that good works are not important or necessary—only that they are not meritorious. Good works (Titus 2:7; 14; 3:1, 6, 13) are the response of a grateful heart that understands the freedom from performing for acceptance by God.

Therefore, grace alone by faith alone is the entrance into a life lived to the glory of God alone, a…

    • Grace-enabled
      • Spirit-empowered
        • Christ-imitating
          • Scripture-obeying
            • Love-manifesting life!1

What would Christianity be without the 5 Solas?

  • Without Sola Fide (faith alone)—we have a religion of self-effort or of works
  • Without Solas Gracia (grace alone)—we not only have to earn salvation, we bear the burden of guilt and the uncertainty of acceptance
  • Without Solus Christus (Christ alone)—we have no salvation, we have no object of salvation
  • Without Sola Scriptura (Scripture alone)—we are left to the opinions of men or the whims of society
  • Without Sola Dio Gloria (To the glory of God alone)—we are prone to create our own version of God, in our own image and take credit for saving ourselves

Praise the Lord that we have, through God’s gracious gift, in the perfect substitute Jesus Christ, revealed in Scripture for us to understand that God receives glory when we respond in faith alone to His offer of a restored relationship with Him.

References

  1. This last sequence is adapted and expanded based on a sermon by Michael J. Svigel, Dallas Theological Seminary

Author: Steve

Steve Kilgore joined the staff of Calvary Church in Lancaster, PA in the fall of 2002 as the Pastor of Discipleship to facilitate the equipping ministries, which include Adult Bible Fellowship and other adult discipleship ministries, and work with the rest of the education ministries. He currently serves as the Executive Pastor of Ministries with a focus on providing ministries that facility individuals taking intentional Next Steps for growing and participating in the leadership and administrative aspect at Calvary. He has also taught part-time at Lancaster Bible College in the area of Spiritual Formation and New Testament. Prior to coming to Calvary he served in two churches as well as taught part-time at Philadelphia Biblical University. He was born in Dallas, Texas, but spent the first 13 years of his life in Guatemala where his parents were missionaries. It was there at the age of four and a half that Steve placed his faith in Christ as his Savior. Steve received a Bachelor’s degree in Bible from Philadelphia College of Bible and a Masters of Theology from Dallas Theological Seminary. Steve and his wife, Mary Anne, have their two boys, Andrew and Nathan (both in college), and live in East Lampeter Township. Steve lives and ministers by the personal motto, Know what you believe and why, live it, be able to defend it. His hobbies, other than playing with his family, include tinkering with computers, reading, drinking coffee with his wife, playing and watching basketball. Steve and Mary Anne are looking forward to exploring new hobbies as they transition to life as empty-nesters.

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